Trecchina grows between linden and chestnut trees, set among high peaks, made delightful by the green that surrounds it, softened by the smell of the sea that breaks on the Tyrrhenian coast a few miles from this magical hinterland. Trecchina.
At 500 meters above sea level it shows a rather dynamic morphology. Crossed by the river Noce, the Trecchino territory distances itself from the sea with the highest peaks of the Lucanian Apennines, such as the Coccovello and Monte Serra Pollino, on whose peaks on clear days opens up the unexpected panorama of the Aeolian Islands. However a few turns separate it from the “Pearl of the Mediterranean” and make it an attractive tourist destination for those who love to take refuge in the mountain atmosphere after long days spent on the warm Tyrrhenian beaches.
The name Trecchina derives from “tre chine”, or rather from the three peaks on which the town stands.
Born in 317 AD during the Second Samnite War by a Roman camp called Terenziana, it soon assumed the name we know today, but it went through a series of famous historical events.
In 410 AD Alaric, king of the Visigoths, author of the sack of Rome, built a stronghold, which has been later destroyed by the Saracens.
A more imposing fortress was built by the Longobards, succeeded by the Norman, Swabian, Angevin, Aragonese and Spanish dominations.
Relevant was the presence, between the XI and XII centuries, of heretical groups from Piedmont, including the Monferrato, whose traces are still to be found in the local dialect.
CULTURAL AND ARTISTIC HERITAGE
A jumble of grandeur awaits the visitor of Trecchina, from the enchanting naturalistic setting that offers a bucolic and romantic welcome, to the wonders of historical-artistic nature that enrich the daily life of the inhabited center.
Divided into two parts, the Castle and the Plan, also presents a different architectural declination. On one side it is characterized by narrow streets that climb between medieval buildings until they reach the highest point of the town, where once stood the 16th century baronial castle, of which you can still see a crenellated tower and walls; here Trecchina still preserves its ancient village which, set on a rocky spur, conserves corners of rare beauty, such as the fairytale Belvedere Garden from which you can admire the entire valley below, and ancient habits. The other side it shows off a modern urban-architectural configuration. Starting from Piazza del Popolo, the central point of the “Piano”, the gaze is literally captured by the sparkling and jovial colors of the flowers that adorn the balconies of majestic Art Nouveau buildings, such as the former Palazzo Scarpitta and Palazzo Mainone in via Jequiè.
In this part of the village, between modern buildings highlighted by the care and attention of its inhabitants, and green spaces refreshed by the shade of chestnut trees and embellished with colorful flower beds, various cultural events take place, especially in the summer season, including art exhibitions, crafts, typical food and wine, concerts under the moon and theatrical performances.
The main church dedicated to St. Michael the Archangel stands here also in the focal point of the Trecchina life. Built between 1840 and 1878, equipped with a more recent bell tower built at the beginning of the 12th century, it has a large nave with refined decorations that embellish the presbytery and the false ceilings; it contains paintings from the Neapolitan school, medallions and frescoes by Mariano Lanziani and restored by Larocca.
To the south-west of the square there is the church of San’Antonio, dating back to the early decades of the 12th century and linked to a rather particular story.
But places of worship and of artistic and cultural interest do not end here.
On the top of Serra Pollino, a few kilometers from the town, stands the sanctuary of the Madonna del Soccorso, dating back to the 9th century.
Fascinating both for the breathtaking view that offers to visitors and for its history preserved between ancient and simple walls, this small mountain church retains a certain artistic and cultural strength, opposing the poverty of style that characterizes an interesting bas-relief made in the 16th century depicting the Madonna and a wooden sculpture of the 19th century depicting Mary Most Holy of Perpetual Help to whom great celebrations are dedicated in the first days of September.
FOOD AND WINE
Nuts and chestnuts are the symbol of the traditional Trecchinese cuisine that has always used them to make cakes and biscuits which smell of wood, autumn, genuineness.
Well-known delicacies all over the Lucanian territory, celebrated with the 20 year-old feast of Castagna, where it is also possible to taste other chestnuts-based products, such as pasta, honey, liqueurs, ice-cream and beer.
Alongside these magical smells that invade the streets of the town, particularly in October, there is the typical scent of bread daily-baked in industrial quantities by the numerous bakeries scattered throughout the Tyrrhenian city. It is a very special product, obtained with local flours and the addition of an unexpected ingredient, the bran!
Handmade, the dough is subjected to double leavening in wooden crates, wrapped in cotton sheets and finally cooked in a wood-fired oven with beech wood.
A unique and delicious food that accompanies the typical dishes of the Lucanian table mirrored in full in the trecchinese taste for homemade pasta seasoned with meat sauces, legume soups and platters of cold cuts and various cheeses